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New France Portal

Welcome to the New France portal. This Wikipedia portal aims to provide easy access to all Wikipedia articles relating to the history of New France. You will find bellow both a featured article, a biography, a location and an image related to New France. The topics tab presents a selection of articles, the most exhaustive possible, dealing with the realities of the French colonization of North America and classified by topic.</font>


The New France (1534 - 1763)</font></div>



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The New France, circa 1750

New France is the name that France gave to its colonies in North America. The history of New France began with the first attempts at French colonization following the first trip of Jacques Cartier in 1534.

The Ancien Regime France gradually occupied from 1604 to 1760 what was previously a native american land. Samuel de Champlain founded Quebec City on July 3, 1608. It was the first city founded by Europeans on North American soil and it was the capital of New France for over a century and a half.

This vast territory spanned three distinct regions: Acadia, now called Atlantic Canada, Canada, then comprising only St. Lawrence valley, and Louisiana, which included the Illinois Country, comprising the Mississippi and Ohio river valleys down to the Gulf of Mexico. New France had a low population growth compared to the British American colonies adjacent to its eastern borders. Around 1730, the gap was considerable: the British colonies had about 250,000 people of European origin while there were only 30,000 people in New France.

This, in addition to its geographical position avoiding any expansion of British Land, triggered confrontations. Those became more frequent until the fall of Quebec on September 13, 1759. Its capital captured, New France fell.</font>

New France ceased to exist in 1763 when France gave Canada and its dependencies to Great Britain by signing the Treaty of Paris. Today, all that remains of this once vast wilderness empire are the little islands of Saint-Pierre et Miquelon, located off Newfoundland, Canada.

« Quickly lose the memory</br>of a blessing is</br>the vice of the French. »
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Le Cardinal de Richelieu 30px Cardinal Richelieu - Quote from Maximes.</center></br>

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Did you know?

  • ...On July 3, 2008, Quebec City celebrated its 400th birthday! It was the first city founded by Europeans in North America, always on the same site. All year 2008 is devoted to festivities.
  • ...The Battle of Quebec occurred on October 16, 1690 between the British and French forces. When the British sent a request for the city to surrender, Frontenac replied "I have no reply to make to your general other than from the mouths of my cannons and muskets.". This legendary response, and a poor assessment of the fortifications by the British, allowed France to keep Quebec for almost another seventy years.
  • ...During the Great Upheaval of the Acadians in 1755, seventy-eight survivor families settled on Belle Île in France while the British took possession of French colonies in America. Since then, their descendents have remained on the island. Today most islanders have Acadian ancestry.
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    Timelines of New France history

    For the detailed chronology of this epic of New France, simply visit this
    Nuvola apps kworldclock Timeline of New France history.

    Categories

    [×] Acadia

    Pavillon LouisXIV The New France circa 1750 Pavillon LouisXIV

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